Curriculum

Art

Students in second grade attend art classes once each week. In these classes they explore line, shape, color, balance and pattern. They try out a variety of media and techniques. Students begin to explore what makes a piece of art effective, think about their responses to various works, and learn about a few artists.

Health

Safety:  Children learn safe practices and laws for common activities (biking, crossing streets, etc) and develop strategies for identifying threatening situations and responding appropriately.
Social Emotional
:  Children learn to recognize a variety of feelings within themselves and others and practice problem-solving skills in social situations.
Substance Use/Abuse
:  Children tell how alcohol and tobacco can change a person’s behavior and affect his/her body. They compare and contrast things they eat/drink that are good for you and things that are not.
Healthy Body
:  Children link food to energy, classify food into food pyramid groups, choose healthy snacks, and describe how exercising daily makes a person feel better.
Disease Prevention:  Children develop practices to prevent lyme disease, practice personal hygiene, and become aware of safe food storage and preparation.

Information Literacy

Gather Information for a Specific Purpose:  Children generate and organize questions about a topic and gather information from teacher-selected materials.
Analyze and Evaluate Information
:  Children put new information into their own words to create reports that are organized into a logical sequence. They document their sources by giving author, title, and publication date.
Evaluate both the Process and the Product:  Children reflect on the process used, analyze their products for quality, and identify improvements for the future.

Mathematics

Algebraic Reasoning: Patterns and Functions:  Children use understanding of patters and graphic organizers to solve logic, classification, and number problems. They learn to form and respond to number sentences, learn the addition and subtraction facts for sums to 18, and identify reasonable answers to real world problems.
Numerical and Proportional Reasoning:   Children work with place value for three digit numbers using models and money, use estimation strategies to determine if an answer is reasonable. They study the relationship of multiplication and division using models and arrays. They model and describe the fractions from ½ through 1/10 and explain what the denominator means. They begin to describe simple ratios.
Geometry and Measurement
:  Children identify shapes in different positions, combine and subdivide polygons and solids from memory. They build and identify shapes that have one or more lines of symmetry or that can be divided into two congruent parts. They use the calendar to solve time problems and tell time to the halfhour, exploring time to the quarter hour. They measure using standard and nonstandard objects, and begin to explore the concepts of area and perimeter.
Working With Data:  Children pose questions, collect, organize and record data using tallies, tables, real graphs, picture graphs, and bar graphs. They begin to learn vocabulary to describe the likelihood of various events and to conduct simple probability experiments.

Music

Children become aware of their singing voices, discriminate pitch and sing rhythmically together a varied repertoire of songs representing genres and styles from diverse cultures and songs using varying dynamics and tempi.

Physical Education

Children develop physical fitness and motor skills, learn to play responsibly and respectfully with other people and develop awareness of the positive aspects of physical activity.

Reading

Read for Information and Understanding:  Children learn to distinguish relevant from irrelevant information in text, give main ideas or story elements in sequence, use charts and graphs to support understanding, make personal connections to text, make inferences and support with details from the text.
Read for Critical Analysis and Evaluation:  Children talk about the author’s message and point of view.  They begin to support their opinions with evidence from the text.
Read for Aesthetic and Personal Response:   Children study authors to look at how the author’s experience affects his/her writing, and talk about how the author’s use of language and structure enhances the meaning and beauty of the work.
Read Strategically:  Children develop strategies to use their background (prior) knowledge to bring meaning to the text, learn about genres, and differentiate narration and exposition. They use sounds, syllables, and word chunks (such as suffixes) to decode words, develop strategies to clarify vocabulary, and learn to monitor and adjust their reading.

Science

Children study the properties of matter – solids and liquids. They examine the life cycles of flowering plants and the effects of light and water on seed germination and plant growth, as well as the effects of various soils on plants. They sort foods into the common food groups.

Social Studies

Children study their community and learn about the geography and history of Newtown.

Technology

Children learn to create documents with text and graphics and print them, use technology resources to illustrate thought, ideas, and stories, and create simple multimedia projects.

Writing

Technical Practical Writing: Children learn to use structure to organize their writing, and use facts, details, information, and specific vocabulary to communicate about a topic.
Range and Versatility of Writing
: Children write for a variety of audiences, use their prior knowledge to enrich their writing, and form a written opinion and support it with evidence. They learn to elaborate ideas with specific and descriptive language.
Reflective Writing
: Children compare and contrast prior and current pieces of writing to see their own growth and set personal goals.
Write Strategically:  Children develop stamina for writing, use a variety of strategies to organize ideas, incorporate transitional words, and use the writing process to develop and publish pieces.
Mechanics/Conventions of Print:  Children spell high frequency words correctly in daily writing and apply spelling patterns to spell unfamiliar words. They add endings appropriately, write complete and grammatically correct sentences, and use the basic conventions of capitalization and punctuation.